Queen Njinga

Portrait of Queen Njinga

This image of Queen Njinga of Kongo can be found in the National Museum of African American History and Culture. Queen Njinga ruled the Kingdom of Ndongo what is now Angola.  Queen Njinga converted to Catholicism, became literate in Portuguese and was schooled in the tactics of war. Initially an ally of the Portuguese, she fought them when they tried to expand slavery


Heywood, Linda. Njinga of Angola.  Harvard University, 2017.

Snethen, Jessica. “Queen Nzinga (1583-1663).” BlackPast.org. University of Washington, Seattle, n.d. Web. 29 Aug. 2015

Photo credit: Michelle Schuster, 2016.