Medieval city of Timbuktu
“Home of the prestigious Koranic Sankore University and other madrasas, Timbuktu was an intellectual and spiritual capital and a centre for the propagation of Islam throughout Africa in the 15th and 16th centuries. Its three great mosques, Djingareyber, Sankore and Sidi Yahia, recall Timbuktu’s golden age. Although continuously restored, these monuments are today under threat from desertification. (UNESCO World Heritage List).”
Trouble in Timbuktu by Cristina Kessler
The Hidden Treasure of Timbuktu : Historic City of Islamic Africa by John O. Hunwick.
The Meanings of Timbuktu by Shamil Jeppie; Souleymane Bachir Diagne
The Manuscripts of Timbuktu by Zola Maseko
Photo Credit: Djingareiber. WikiCommons: KaTeznik